Carl Cassell: The Genius Behind Harlem & Harlem Underground Restaurants


In honour of Canada Day, I decided to post an interview of a person that exemplifies the Canadian Dream. I originally posted this on my previous blog, but felt compelled to share Carl’s story once again. I find it incredible that he was able to move to Canada many years ago, and start not one, but two successful restaurants.


Check out his story!


I entered Harlem Underground—a space that conjures up the cool, artsy movement of the Harlem Renaissance—and watched a few patrons chow down on their late afternoon lunch. Jazzy, funk music played in the background while I waited for the infamous Carl Cassell. As I waited, I perused the menu and pondered how professional I would look if I ordered the chicken and waffles I love sooo much, and ate it while I interviewed him. I sadly decided to not get anything. I didn’t think licking my fingers and having chicken grease smeared on my lips would be a good look, so instead I opted for a cup of coffee : (

A few moments later Carl introduced himself to me, and we moved to a quieter spot in the restaurant and began the interview.

I learned a great deal about Carl during our hour and a half meeting. First of all, I learned that he understandably lives and breathes food, secondly he has mad love for Toronto, and thirdly, he’s an easy going, down-to-earth, chill dude. But don’t dismiss his chill demeanour as a weakness. He’s a savvy businessman who’s doing what he loves.

Here’s a just a snippet of the delightful conversation we had on that chilly Friday afternoon.


When did you develop an interest in food?

Growing up in Jamaica, I always had an interest in food. I enjoyed it. I spent a lot of time with my neighbour back home—Miss Kathleen. She cooked at the local school. I used to hang out with her son…….he was a good friend of mine and I was at the house constantly. She had an outdoor kitchen—that’s how I learned to cook the basics. I learned how to cook rice properly, how to cook meat properly and how to fry chicken properly. That’s where my interest in food began.


When I came to Toronto, I worked in restaurant kitchens for 5 years. I was a waiter and a bartender. Most of my roommates were chefs. One of the things you realize when living with chefs is that chefs don’t cook at home. They instruct, but don’t cook. It enabled me to learn a lot about food.


Why did you and Carl Allen (former business partner) decide to close Irie Food Joint and rebrand it as Harlem Underground?

Irie Food Joint opened in 2001 and had been around for about 9 years. Harlem opened in December 2006. It was doing very well…….extremely well. One of the issues I’d constantly face would be running two different menus. Running two different menus created problems in terms of staffing. I couldn’t transfer my staff from one restaurant to the next because it was two completely different menus. Running one that dealt with Southern cuisine (Harlem) and the other dealt with Caribbean cuisine (Irie Food Joint).


Having Irie and Harlem made sense in covering the diaspora, but from an economic standpoint, it didn’t make sense to run 2 separate menus. It was difficult to retain new staff. Caribbean cuisine is very specific, not everyone can cook it. Every couple of years I found myself back in the kitchen retraining people.


Harlem and Harlem Underground share the same menu. Why different names for the restaurants?

To create a distinction between both restaurants. The distinction is the vibe. Queen Street is its own animal. Anything on Queen Street falls within that Queen Street vibe. Harlem Underground tends to skew a younger, hipper crew, and at Harlem we get a slightly older crowd.


Your fried chicken has been called one of the best in Toronto. What was the process like perfecting it?

It was a collaborative effort between Tony [former chef Anthony Mair] and I. We had a similar approach to food because we are both Jamaican.


harlem at night
* pic taken from the Harlem Restaurant website

I read that you envisioned the restaurant to be a place for creative types. What do you do to facilitate this?

I think it’s the vibe. I’ve primarily been around artists my entire life. I’m an artist as well. I paint and sculpt; I do a lot of things.


Update: Both restaurants host a variety of events. Everything from live music, open mic nights as well as the monthly networking event- Creative Class TO.


What would you like to accomplish with your restaurants?

I want to give my community a place that they can call their own for as long as I can possibly do it. So people can talk about it like they talk about the Underground Railroad restaurant being the first of its kind (pssst…the Underground Railroad restaurant was one of the first soul food restaurants in Toronto). We’re following in those footsteps.


Have any celebs visited the restaurants?

There have been a lot that have passed through, Ahmir “Questlove” Thompson, Beenie Man, Wyclef, and Giancarlo Esposito among others.


Do you watch the Food network ?

No, not really. I used to follow Anthony Bourdain’s TV series. I met him a few years ago. He’s a really cool cat.


Well guess what, Carl? You’re a cool cat too! It was such a pleasure talking to him—not just about restaurants, but everything under the sun.   I love that he is dedicating himself in providing a funky, down home vibe with his restaurants and educating patrons on the flavours of the Caribbean and the South. Thank you, Carl.



I wrote this interview in Jan 2013, and I am thrilled to have met and formed a friendship with Carl. I admire how he generously gives back to the community by offering a place where you can enjoy his delish food [new fave item- that catfish- daaamn, it’s scrumptious!] as well as come together and enjoy an entertaining night out.


The Restaurants

Harlem Underground

745 Queen St. West
Toronto ON M6J 1G1


Harlem Restaurant

67 Richmond Street East
Toronto ON M5C 1N9



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